Roma Exodus Bad For Inclusion
Roma Exodus from European Countries detrimental to the Progress of Roma Inclusion.
Roma Week is finally coming to a close and though it saddens all to say goodbye. The fight for Roma inclusion is not over. WRF would like to give a special thanks to the EU for having us, and to the EU Cabinet for there fine work and professional representation of our Federation. Until, next year!
W.R.F media is not affiliated to nor associated with any other Roma related media portals, outlets, channels, video photographers.
Our aim is set up an informative Chanel that is credible and factual.
In today's world, the Internet is an endless source of information and the virtual world is full of staggering probability and prospect. The internet is a hub of networks that is easily accessible for almost anyone with a mobile, tablet, desktop, digital audio material device or digital radio receiver to locate all types of literary material from anywhere in the world from any locale where the internet is provided.
Our news will come from the ground from investigative reports of stories told by Roma minority self-governments, advocacy groups, activist, leaders; almost anyone with first hand knowledge about the Roma crisis.
Our news outlet would like to report on stories from the Roma communities were issues arise such as anti gypsy behavior or acts against the Roma that infringe upon their basic civic rights. We will accept media reports from any remote location, village, town, or city with true narratives about the key issues.
We would like to gather video reportages from smallest roma settlements in Europe as well..
With that said, Wrf Roma news is happy to have talented writers, journalist, and investigative reporters. And, we would love for everyday people within the Roma community to send us poems, writings, and music and if we find it appropriate, we’ll publish it.
Other amenities offered by our media portal, is the ability to advertise with us, the announcements of events and reports to advertisers, if suitable.
We call on Roma local governments, Roma communities, community houses, groups, art associations, employers 'and helpers' associations to contact us with their news and reports.
Feel free to send us any video, video, and material posted by any technique, news, reports.
Our Tv, our radio hosts are happy to assist organizing events and even broadcasting them.
We would like to draw the attention of local governments with an offer to all Eu countries with our exclusive video uploader, as well as an editorial mailing contact system that best serves their own counties and can locally speak to people in their counties, but anyone can watch it.
Of course, we’ll deliver the current and nationally interesting materials to the masses, but such an offer will bolster our public brand in the world.
We involve all local and regional Roma governments operating in Eu among our partners. If you want to sign up immediately, you can already send us an e-mail address firstname.lastname@example.org
Check out our website: https://www.wrfromanews.com/
We ask the local authorities to inform the local minority self-governments about the opportunity provided by the county level and sign up as a partner and start to work in their own counties.
We think of about talented and young people who are interested in the media,who will be able to get acquainted with the work of TV and radios, we can try them both in front of and behind cameras and microphones, and we can help them with the professional training.
In cooperation with some local governments, joint work started with Wrf
Best regards, Horváth Tibor
Finally, the WRF EU website is complete and fully operational, if you wish to learn more about the Federation, click the link below. In doing so, the viewer will learn about the WRF mission, programs, and charitable work. Also do not forget to check our online radio, TV will be coming soon.
The EU has long stressed the need for better Roma integration (see the 2010 communication on the economic and social integration of the Roma in Europe).
The European institutions and every EU country have a joint responsibility to improve the living conditions and integration of the Roma. In 2011, the European Commission called for national strategies for Roma integration.
The EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies centres around four key areas: education, employment, healthcare and housing.
Each country produced a Roma strategy that was assessed by the European Commission in 2012: National Roma integration strategies: a first step in the implementation of the EU Framework. In 2013, the European Council agreed on a recommendation on effective Roma integration measures in EU countries.
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The Roma are Europe’s largest ethnic minority. Out of an estimated 10-12 million in total in Europe, some 6 million live in the EU, and most of them hold the citizenship of an EU country. Many Roma in the EU are victims of prejudice and social exclusion, despite the fact that EU countries have banned discrimination.
The history of the Roma is one that is both intriguing and mystifying. Join us and learn more about Roma culture.
Roma Exodus from European Countries detrimental to the Progress of Roma Inclusion.
How the youth of the Roma community are changing the tide in Europe.
WRF is calling on other member states within and out of the EU to stand in solidarity with the Roma people of Europe. For now is the time to put an end to the separative, discriminative, and old prejudices.
“When I see racial divides between the classes, I think of how can we as a people have inclusion, with such racism?”
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The education that Romani pupils receive at special schools and in segregated classes is of such poor quality that very few are equipped to continue their schooling beyond the age of 16. The small number that do, have few options other than vocational schools, hugely reducing their future employment options.
In one of the locations investigated, Romani boys who had enrolled at a private secondary vocational school run by a nearby manufacturing company described how they spend most of their time putting together electric plugs which the company then sells. Girls at the school are offered “Practical Woman” (Praktická Žena) lessons, part of a nationwide programme in which Romani girls are taught to become “good housewives” with lessons in cooking and housework.
Deep-seated prejudices and low expectations of Romani children among the teaching staff further hinder their educational opportunities. One teacher called the school she worked in “a little zoo”.
Another said that Roma “procreate among themselves. Incest happens very often” before going on to describe her pupils’ “unrealistic” dreams:
“All of them want to be teachers or doctors…it’s a huge difference between what they fancy to be and how they end up eventually. Although the older ones, especially boys, are more realistic and end up being bricklayers, for example.”
Discrimination against Romani children in education is multifaceted. Romani children are either disproportionately placed in schools designed for pupils with “mild mental disabilities” or relegated to Roma-only classes and schools.
For the majority of children in non-EU member countries, there are three fairly common situations: poorly financed schools where most students are Roma; schools where Roma are the minority; and special education centers for children with learning disabilities.
In areas where most students are Roma, UNICEF’s Nora Shabani notes, the schools are overcrowded, buildings are in poor condition, and teacher quality is low.
In schools where Roma children are the minority, she says, they can face discrimination from administrators, teachers and students. They often are sent to separate classes or kept separate from other children within the classroom.
The Open Society Institute found that negative beliefs about the academic ability of Roma children are common throughout Central and Eastern Europe.
Sometimes, Shabani adds, Roma are given academic placement tests.
“Very often, because of discrimination, Roma children are not accepted and, even worse, they often have to go (take) entry tests and during these entry tests, they are often given qualification (the result) as they are not eligible to attend regular education and they are directed toward 'special' schools.”
The system of sending Romani children to special education schools is now being fought in courts throughout Europe.
1 Steps to end segregation of Romani children in Slovakia’s schools High Level Event on the Structural Funds contribution to Roma integration in Slovakia – Bratislava, 23 May 2011
2 Situation – segregation Romani children separated in ethnically segregated schools or classes across the country Romani children separated in ‘special classes’ designed for pupils with ‘mild mental disabilities established within mainstream schools Romani children separated across the country in ‘special schools’ designed for pupils with ‘mild mental disabilities Romani pupils separated in kindergartens, school cafeterias, etc.
3 Positive steps so far In 2008 the new Slovak Schools Act includes a “prohibition of discrimination, especially in the form of segregation” In 2008 the government adopts a Concept of Education and Training of Romani Children and Pupils, including a commitment to decrease the number of Romani pupils in special schools In 2010 the new government program includes a commitment to adopt measures to end segregation on the basis of ethnic origin in education
4 Insufficient measures – insufficient will? The ban on discrimination and segregation has yet to be implemented No concrete measures have been adopted yet by the new government to that end Representatives of the Slovak government (for example Ambassadors with whom Amnesty International met) continue to deny that segregation is a result of structural failures within the Slovak education system
5 1. Segregation in Roma-only mainstream schools or classes Education often of lower quality than that provided in classes attended primarily by non-Roma pupils Teachers often have lower expectations of their pupils Fewer resources and poorer quality infrastructure at the disposal of such schools Often linked to residential segregation In other cases it is a result of decisions by local and educational authorities often as a result of pressure by non-Roma parents or as a reaction to ‘white flight’ School catchments areas reinforcing segregation of Romani pupils in education (case of Prešov)
6 2. Segregation in special schools The education provided in special schools for pupils with ‘mild mental disabilities’ is not equal to the education provided in mainstream schools – Schools Act 2008 Focus on development of practical rather than academic skills; curriculum at least two years behind that taught in mainstream schools Certificate received is lower-graded; pupils are eligible to continue only in special secondary education Return to mainstream school is almost impossible Special educational needs assessment – often one-off and at early age – does not take into account Romani children’s cultural and linguistic differences, or of their socioeconomic circumstances
7 3. Segregation in special classes of mainstream schools According to the Roma Education Fund (2009) Romani children make up to 85.8 per cent of pupils in such classes Often a response by school management to pressure by non- Roma parents and ‘white-flight’
8 Steps to end segregation Adopt concrete policy measures to implement the prohibition of discrimination: Develop a plan for desegregation, clearly identifying bodies responsible and introducing yearly targets for its implementation Introduce a clear duty on all schools to desegregate education ; such a duty should be accompanied by effective support for schools to desegregate Review all decisions by local and educational authorities to create separate classes or schools, to ensure they do not violate the prohibition of discrimination and segregation Introduce adequate support measures for Roma and non-Roma children who need extra assistance so that they may achieve their fullest potential within mainstream schools, and in order to promote inclusive education
9 Steps to end segregation Ensure monitoring and accountability for the violation of prohibition of discrimination and segregation Strengthen the mandates and powers of the State School Inspectorate and the Slovak National Center for Human Rights, providing adequate resources and clear guidelines for the identification, monitoring and combating of segregation Provide effective remedies for discrimination and segregation to all victims, including through the establishment of a complaints mechanism and by strengthening the mandate of monitoring bodies Ensure that school advisory centers, including Centers for Pedagogical Psychological Counseling and Special Pedagogical Centers are inspected and monitored with a view of combating discrimination and segregation Collect data, desegregated by gender and ethnicity, in line with international and European standards for the protection of private data and the principle of self-identification
10 Steps to end segregation The government of Slovakia must ensure that the use of EU funds does not lead to school segregation of Romani children Furthermore, the EU Framework Strategy calls on Member States to identify and implement necessary measures to ensure effective use of EU funds for the social and economic inclusion of Roma, including “to promote desegregation in all policies and to avoid reproducing segregation, so as to overcome this problem in the long term” (paragraph 26)
11 Concluding questions Is the Ministry of Education working on a comprehensive plan for the desegregation of Slovak schools? Does the upcoming Concept of Regional Education or any other legal or policy instrument currently being prepared by the Ministry of Education introduce a clear duty on all schools to desegregate? Does the upcoming Concept or any other legal or policy instrument currently being prepared address the current lack of safeguards against discrimination in the existing system of school placement and pupil assessment? Does the Ministry of Education plan to start the collection of data desegregated by the prohibited grounds of discrimination – including gender and ethnicity – in education in order to monitor the extent of segregation of Romani children and to assess the impact of policies and measures taken? What measures will the Government take to ensure that EU funds are used to end the segregation of Romani children in Slovakia’s schools?
12 Nicola Duckworth, Europe and Central Asia Director Email: email@example.com@amnesty.org Thank you Dakujem